Punching techniques (Chok)

English Thai Transliteration
Straight punch หมัดตรง Mud Dhrong
Hook หวัดเหวี่ยงสั้น Mud Wjang San
Swing หมัดเหวี่ยงยาว Mud Wijang Yao
Spinning backfist หมัดเหวี่ยงกลับ Mud Wjang Glab
Uppercut หมัดเสย ( หมัดสอยดาว ) Mud Seuy
Cobra punch กระโดดชก Kra-dod Chok
Undercut หมัดฮุก Mud Khouk

The punch techniques in Muay Thai were originally quite simple being crosses and a long (or lazy) circular strike made with a straight (but not locked) arm and landing with the heel of the palm. Cross-fertilization with Western boxing and western martial arts mean the full range of western boxing punches are now used (jab, straight right/cross, hook, uppercut, shovel and corkscrew punches plus overhand or bolo punches).

Muay Thai judges score punching techniques less highly than other strikes as they are generally less powerful than knee strikes or kicks and the fists are padded by gloves (while knees, elbows, shins, and feet are not).

As a tactic, body punching is used less in Muay Thai than most other striking martial arts to avoid exposing the attacker's head to counter strikes from knees or elbows.